In this paper, the authors want to take a step back from the conventional examinations and explanations of child labor. They look at the root causes of child labor rather than simply conduct sporadic symptom treatments, as international and national trade bans and legislation seem to do. Child labor is a multi-causal phenomenon and therefore multidimensional responses are needed. Are the responses, such as legislation against child labor or bans of certain products, adequate? The authors argue that there are at least three levels of causality for child labor: the immediate causes, the underlying causes, and the structural or root causes.