In many countries across the world, the odds of children surviving to celebrate their fifth birthday have improved considerably in recent years. But not all countries have succeeded in improving children’s life chances, and some of the world’s poorest countries – many of which have been ravaged by conflict and instability – are very much lagging behind. Digging beneath the surface of national averages reveals considerable differences in mortality rates between children within the same country. Too often, particular groups of children suffer from persistently high levels of mortality, even in countries that have seen very rapid declines overall.These children already have much lower chances of survival than their peers, and are now falling even further behind, unfairly left out of global and national progress.These children are the focus of this report.
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