The World Health Organization (WHO) released this report, which highlights policy options for consideration within national discussions, was developed in conjunction with WHO regional offices and others across the Organization who are working on the social determinants of health and equity issues. This document should be seen as an input to the policy dialogue on how to implement the recommendations of the Commission both globally and within individual country contexts.
The equity implications of public policies are increasingly important. This workshop held in June 2011 brought together practitioners, researchers, and Bank staff to identify new directions of work and share knowledge. Equity was explored through the lens of different topics focusing on the recurring question of How can policy, programs and institutions contribute to enhance equity.
There is a growing recognition of the importance of equity to development, and many development agencies recognize equity as a central goal for their programming. However, while equity is used intuitively in development debates and programming, it seems that its meaning is not clearly understood. This is reflected in often shallow analysis about what equity is and what should be done to achieve it. Its importance is recognized, but the policy priorities for achieving it are not consistently or coherently explored.
Issued in conjunction with the World Economic Forum‘s annual meeting in Davos, the report highlights the impact of inequality in both developed and developing countries, including the effect of wealth concentrations on political representation. When wealth actively seeks to influence policy making, the report argues, the rules almost always are crafted to favor the wealthy, which in turn leads to the erosion of democratic governance, social cohesion, and equal opportunity.
In this report Oxfam presents new evidence that the gap between rich and poor is growing ever wider and is undermining poverty eradication. This report delves into the causes of the inequality crisis and looks at the concrete solutions that can overcome it. Drawing on case studies from around the world the report demonstrates the impact that rising inequality is having on rich and poor countries alike and explores the different ways that people and governments are responding to it.