As part of our ‘Approaches to Equity’ research project, we have conducted a number of interviews with key individuals at major international development organizations that utilize approaches to equity in their development framework. We hope that these interviews provide greater personal insight into the inner functioning of these important organizations and illustrate how the concepts of equity and equality are becoming ever more important in the international development community.
Alberto Minujin elaborates on key concepts of equality and equity embraced by Equity for Children in order to effectively impact children’s lives and fight against ongoing perpetual cycles of poverty. He elaborates that eliminating child poverty and achieving more equitable societies is not only an aspiration, but in fact, it is an achievable goal. This interview was conducted in August 2013 by Equity for Children in New York, NY.
The new post-2015 millennium development goals are in the process of being created while the past ones are undergoing critical review. What role do equity and equality play in the current debate around the post-2015 MDGs? Richard Morgan provides a valuable insight. He is representing UNICEF in two major groups that are in charge to gather, analyze and elaborate proposals for the MDGs from around the world: the UN development group on MDGs that has been facilitating the thematic national consultations, and a task team for the post-2015 agenda. This interview was conducted in April 2013 by Equity for Children in New York, NY.
In this interview Jessica Espey talks to us about when the discussion of equity kicked off as well as what equity and equality mean for Save the Children. She further goes on to discuss the key messages used by Save the Children and the challenges the organization faces.
Francisco H. G. Ferreira of the World Bank, explains equity and equality as defined by the World Bank and the progress made in terms of measuring inequalities of opportunities. We find out about the roles of equity in current World Bank lending policies. He further goes on to elaborate what he believes to be the major challenges faced by the donor community in advancing equity.
Nicholas Alipui emphasizes how an equity focus and human rights go hand in hand in programming: UNICEF’s equity approach is the most practical “expression” of a human rights approach to programming for children. In very personal words he talks about his experience and global challenges for UNICEF.This interview was conducted in April 2013 by Equity for Children in New York, NY.
Saraswathi Menon discusses how equity is for UN Women viewed more as a tenet of equality since it is not considered as comprehensive as issues related to equality for women. Much of UN Women’s work on equity focuses on redressing wrongs through policy and action, whereas equality is used to address greater structural issues that affect people’s lives. For UN Women then, equity is simply part of the work towards achieving equality.
Ritu Sadana discusses various definitions of equity embraced by the World Health Organization and the relationship of ‘health equity’ to the provision of health services. As a goal, health equity is based on the pursuit of distribute justice defined in the World Health Organization’s (WHO) mission statement as it is one of the basic ways that can illustrate how individuals enjoy the basic right to health. Ritu Sadana elaborates on intersectoral approaches to equity promoted by WHO that are essential towards improving health equity since about half of health inequalities occur outside the health sector.