As part of our ‘Approaches to Equity’ research project, we have conducted a number of interviews with researchers at major international development organizations that utilize approaches to equity in their development framework. We hope that these interviews provide greater personal insight into the inner functioning of these important organizations and illustrate how the concepts of equity and equality are becoming ever more important in the international development community.
Paul Dornan elaborates on key concepts of equality and equity embraced by the Young Lives research project based out of the University of Oxford. The research conducted by Young Lives is pivotal for understanding the impact of early life circumstances on development and the social opportunities achieved later in life. Paul highlights the importance of understanding links between household circumstances (access to resources, livelihood, etc.) and the functioning of the economy for the most marginalized populations.
As we continue to publish content from Phase II of our ‘Approaches to Equity’ research project, we are proud to feature an interview with Alicia Ely Yamin, Lecturer on Global Health and Director of the Program on Health Rights of Women and Children at the François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University. Alicia provides an intriguing perspective focused on public health and human rights that would help guarantee greater well-being for children.
Hinke Haisma is an associate professor in Population and Child Health at the Population Research Centre at the Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen. She has a background in nutrition sciences, and a PhD in medical sciences. She worked for the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna on nutrition evaluations in developing countries, and at the Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Brazil, on the influence of socio-economic position on energy utilisation in infants. Hinke’s research at the Population Research Centre in Groningen focusses on how the use of resources affects inequalities in child health and nutrition. In 2012 she obtained a VIDI grant from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research for her research on “Normative indicators of child growth and nutrition – one size fits all?” With this research she aims to contribute to the development of a child growth monitoring tool, that will be more suitable to address inequalities in children’s living conditions, and allow health professionals to give advice to mothers that is embedded into their (inequal) realities.
Dr. Keetie Roelen is a social development economist and Research Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies in the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team and a member of the Centre for Social Protection. Her PhD focused on the definition and measurement of child poverty and the use of such measures for social policy evaluation. She worked for UNICEF, World Bank and UNDP, performing research on child poverty and policy advice in South-East Asia and Central and Eastern Europe. Her quantitative and qualitative analyses of child poverty and social protection are well published.
Professor Ben E. Aigbokhan is currently an Economics Lecturer at Ambrose Alli University, a position he has held since 1987. He was a Senior Research Fellow for the Development Research Consortium from 1997-2000. Much of his research is focused on inequality, poverty analysis and public expenditure analysis. He has consulted on these topics for The World Bank, United Nation Economic Commission for Africa, UNDP Nigeria, UN Statistics, ECOWAS and UNICEF. He has also served as Editor for The Nigerian Journal of Economics and Social Studies.
Juliana Martínez Franzoni is Associate Professor at the University of Costa Rica. Her work on social policy formation and socioeconomic and gender inequality in Latin America has been most recently rewarded with fellowships by Fulbright, the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, and the British Academy. She has published in journals like Social Politics (2012),Development and Change (2011), Global Social Policy (2011) and Latin American Politics and Society (2008). With Diego Sánchez-Ancochea she also has published articles in Latin American Research Review, Development Policy Review and Latin American Politics and Society (forthcoming). Her main goal is to put sound and rigorous research to the services of equity-enhancing policy formation.
Miles Corak is a full professor of economics with the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa, where he has worked since 2007 teaching principles of economics, labour economics, and social policy in a way relevant for public policy.Much of his research involves comparisons across countries. It focuses on labour markets and social policy, and is detailed in publications on child poverty, access to university education, social and economic mobility, and unemployment. He has also edited three books, and his paper, “Income Inequality, Equality of Opportunity, and Intergenerational Mobility,” published in the 2013 volume of the Journal of Economic Perspectives, examines the relationship between inequality and social mobility across countries, a relationship that has become known as the “Great Gatsby Curve.” His research has been used by The White House, and cited by many of the major print and electronic media, including The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, The Economist, Bloomberg Business Week, The Sunday Times, The Guardian, The Washington Post as well as the BBC, the CBC, TVO and The Globe and Mail.Professor Corak maintains his own blog at milescorak.com and you can follow him on Twitter @MilesCorak.
Alejandro is an economist who studied at Universidad de los Andes and la Fundación Universitaria Jorge Tadeo Lozano in Bogotá. He also has a sociology degree from Universidad Nacional de Colombia and a PhD in Education from Nova University in Florida.
He coordinates the Research Group on Policy and Programs for Children and Youth for the Doctorate in Social Sciences program at the University of Manizales and the Technical Secretariat of the Network of the Consultative Group on Early Childhood in Latin America. He also represents NGOs working on children’s issues on the Council of the Americas in Colombia.
Emma Samman is a Research Fellow in the Growth, Poverty and Inequality Programme at ODI. She has experience in analysis of multidimensional poverty and inequality, the human development approach, survey design and the use of subjective indicators to inform development policy. She has also worked on the socio-economic effects of market development, and the effects of space and segregation upon wellbeing. Prior to joining ODI, Emma worked for the Human Development Report Office (UNDP), Institute of Development Studies (IDS, University of Sussex) and Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI).